Artists: 26 contemporary artists from The Netherlands and abroad

One of the fundamental aspects of the work of M.C. Escher is self-reference. This is visible in the famous lithograph ‘Drawing Hands’ (Tekenende Handen) from 1948, where a drawn hand draws a drawing hand. Also in other works of M.C. Escher, one can find self-reference as a recurring theme, such as in ‘Relativity’(Relativiteit), ‘Waterfall’ (Waterval), ‘Hand with Reflecting Sphere’ (Hand met Spiegelende Bol) or ‘Convex and Concave’ (Hol en Bol). It is represented in one way where a waterfall falls into itself, and in another where a staircase leads to its own starting steps. The optical illusions that fascinated M.C. Escher throughout his whole life were all self-references.* Along these lines, M.C. Escher can perhaps be seen as the great man of self-reference, rather than of optical illusion or impossible spaces.

The American scholar Douglas Hofstadter researches the logical and scientific significance of self-reference itself, through the work of three makers: Gödel, Escher and Bach. Hofstadter lays out how the work of these gentlemen is based on the concept of self-reference and that therefore there is a logical connection between their ideas. The book approaches the concept mostly from a logical and scientific perspective, and in that regard, it seems to be geared towards readers interested in mathematics, logic and language.

With the group exhibition ‘Gödel, Escher, Bach’, West Den Haag puts the work of M.C. Escher in a broader context, inspired by Douglas Hofstadter. The presentation aspires to familiarise a new audience with the work of M.C. Escher, and offer new insights at the same time.** Similarly to Hofstadter conducting his research from his own expertise in logic and sciences, West Den Haag opts to approach this project from the contemporary arts. Some questions tied to this endeavour are: What is the role and significance of self-reference in the work of M.C. Escher within art production in general? What is the societal value of using self-reference in (artistic) practice or other social environments such as politics, education or healthcare?

The group exhibition ‘Gödel, Escher, Bach’ shows the work of 26 contemporary artists from The Netherlands and abroad. The project is developed in the context of the Escher year 2023 in The Hague and forms an addition to exhibitions that display M.C. Escher’s prints in Kunstmuseum Den Haag and Escher in het Paleis.

Until 20 August
Lange Voorhout 102


The Grey Space in the Middle
Sinarts Gallery
Galerie Maurits van de Laar
Museum Rijswijk
Museum Rijswijk
Galerie Ramakers
until 25 June

Alphabetum XIII

West Den Haag
Stroom Den Haag
until 02 July

Solo exhibition Chen Ruo Bing

until 09 July


Ghita Skali
until 16 July


Alexandre Lavet
Dürst Britt & Mayhew
WTC The Hague Art Gallery
West Den Haag
Biennale Noordwijk
West Den Haag